Adding to the number of criminal activities that are part of the money laundering infrastructure is organ trafficking. Expert Christina Bain, discusses this horrific crime, the need for private-public partnerships to combat the crime and offers financial indicators that can be developed for identifying and reporting organ trafficking.

*John sat down with Melissa during the 2019 ACAMS 18th Annual AML & Financial Crime Conference in Las Vegas, NV outside of the exhibit floor. There are some instances of background noise during their conversation.

Additional Resources & Links:

link to the Illegal Fishing, Human Trafficking, and wildlife trafficking webinar page:

Illegal Fishing, Human Trafficking, and Wildlife Trafficking: Ecological Crises and Security

Here is an article on Dr. Shelley's work:

Council on Foreign Relations report that discusses human trafficking and conflict and includes some of writings and Tech Against Trafficking:

State Department Trafficking in Persons Report 2019:

Ø Shelley, Louise and Christina Bain. “When We Talk About Human Trafficking, We Also Need To Talk About Tech. Here’s Why. BRINK. Atlantic57. 11 Mar. 2019. Web.

Ø Field, Cameron, Christina Bain, Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo, and Francis Delmonico. “The Eradication of Organ Trafficking:  A Case for Partnerships and Protocols in AML Environments.”ACAMS Today. ACAMS. 18 Sept. 2018. Print and Online. 


Ø Bain, Christina, Joseph Mari, and Francis Delmonico. “Organ Trafficking: The Unseen Form of Human Trafficking. “ ACAMS Today. ACAMS. 26 Jun. 2018. Print and Online.

ØBain, Christina. “Working with Business to Implement Legislation – Beyond Reporting.

e-Handbook: Legislating against Modern Slavery, Human Trafficking and Forced Labour. Commonwealth Parliamentary Association UK. 14 Jun. 2018. 100. Web.

Ø Bain, Christina. “Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Fight Against Human Trafficking. Social Inclusion 5:2 (2017): 81-84. Print and Online.

ØShelley, Louise and Christina Bain. “Slavery Infuses Supply Chains Demanding Closer Scrutiny by Companies. BRINK. Atlantic57. 25 Feb. 2016. Web.

Ø Bain, Christina. “What can businesses do about human trafficking? World Economic Forum Agenda. World Economic Forum. 26 Oct. 2015.Web.

ØBain, Christina. “Risk, Response, Innovation: Human Trafficking and the Private Sector. The State of the Illicit Economy. Meta-Council on the Illicit Economy. World Economic Forum. Oct. 2015. Print and Online.

Ø Shelley, Louise and Christina Bain. “Human Trafficking: Fighting the Illicit Economy with the Legitimate Economy.” Social Inclusion 3:1 (2015): 140-144. Print and Online.

Ø Bain, Christina and Louise Shelley. “How data can help fight human trafficking. World Economic Forum Agenda. World Economic Forum. 18 Feb. 2015. Web.

Ø Bain, Christina, Louise Shelley, and Effie-Michelle Metallidis. Hedging Risk by Combating Human Trafficking: Insights from the Private Sector. Network of Global Agenda Councils Task Force on Human Trafficking. World Economic Forum. Dec. 2014. Print and Online.

Ø Bain, Christina and Louise Shelley. “Combatting Human Trafficking Through Innovation and Impact: Washington, DC USA. Urban Anthologies Innovation: From Crisis to Opportunity. World Economic Forum with SENSEable City Lab, MIT. 3:1 (2014): 24-25. Print and Online.

Ø Greiman, Virginia and Christina Bain. “The Emergence of Cyber Activity as a Gateway to Human Trafficking. Journal of Information Warfare 12:2 (2013): 41-49. Print and Online.

Ø Membis, Liane (with Christina Bain, Contributor) et al.  “3 Voices: How to end modern-day slavery. CNN Freedom Project. CNN. 12 Jul. 2011. Web.

3 voices: How to end modern-day slavery