4th Quarter of 2019—What will it take for useful action? As we approach the Labor Day weekend and the unofficial end to summer, the 2019 calendar turns to last opportunities for any successes that can be tied to this year. For the AML community, the standard calendar year doesn’t impact our work but it can dictate things such as legislation, regulation or sometimes policy. AML reform, for example, can still occur in 2020 since we are currently in the beginning of a two-year congressional session. Also, if there is a change in Administrations after the presidential election, some agency chairs will change, but not until early 2021, which could also include a shift in agency leadership and potential thematic or priority shifts.